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THE JOURNAL OF

JOHN WOOLMAN

With an Appreciation and Notes by

John G. Whittier

Books for the heart
Edited by Alexander Smellie, M.A.

PUBLISHED BY ANDREW MELROSE
16 PILGRIM STREET, LONDON, E.C.
MDCCCXCVIII

Notes on this version


Contents

AN APPRECIATION BY JOHN G. WHITTIER
  • Part 1 - On the Religious Society of Friends and slavery
  • Part 2 - On Woolman's continued influence

The Journal of John Woolman

Chapter I

1720-1742
His Birth and Parentage.  Some Account of the Operations of Divine Grace on his Mind in his Youth.  His first Appearance in the Ministry.  And his Considerations, while young, on the Keeping of Slaves.
Chapter II

1743-1748
His first Journey, on a Religious Visit, in East Jersey.  Thoughts on Merchandising, and Learning a Trade.  Second Journey into Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina.  Third Journey through part of West and East Jersey.  Fourth Journey through New York and Long Island to New England.  And his fifth Journey to the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and the Lower Counties on Delaware.
Chapter III

1749-1756
His Marriage.  The Death of his Father.  His Journeys into the upper part of New Jersey, and afterwards into Pennsylvania.  Considerations on Keeping Slaves, and Visits to the Families of Friends at several times and places.  An Epistle from the General Meeting.  His Journey to Long Island.  Considerations on Trading and on the Use of Spirituous Liquors and Costly Apparel.  Letter to a Friend.
Chapter IV

1757, 1758
Visit to the Families of Friends at Burlington.  Journey to Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina.  Considerations on the State of Friends there, and the Exercise he was under in Travelling among those so generally concerned in keeping Slaves, with some Observations on this Subject.  Epistle to Friends at New Garden and Crane Creek.  Thoughts on the Neglect of a Religious Care in the Education of the Negroes.
Chapter V

1757, 1758
Considerations on the Payment of a Tax laid for Carrying on the War against the Indians.  Meetings of the Committee of the Yearly Meeting at Philadelphia.  Some Notes on Thomas à Kempis and John Huss.  The present Circumstances of Friends in Pennsylvania and New Jersey very Different from those of our Predecessors.  The Drafting of the Militia in New Jersey to serve in the Army, with some Observations on the State of the Members of our Society at that time.  Visit to Friends in Pennsylvania, accompanied by Benjamin Jones.  Proceedings at the Monthly, Quarterly, and Yearly Meetings in Philadelphia, respecting those who keep Slaves.
Chapter VI

1758, 1759
Visit to the Quarterly Meetings in Chester County.  Joins Daniel Stanton and John Scarborough in a Visit to such as kept Slaves there.  Some Observations on the Conduct which those should maintain who speak in Meetings for Discipline.  More Visits to such as kept Slaves, and to Friends near Salem.  Account of the Yearly Meeting in the Year 1759, and of the increasing Concern in Divers Provinces to labour against Buying and Keeping Slaves.  The Yearly Meeting Epistle.  Thoughts on the Smallpox spreading, and on Inoculation.
Chapter VII

1760
Visit, in Company with Samuel Eastburn, to Long Island, Rhode Island, Boston, etc.  Remarks on the Slave-Trade at Newport; also on Lotteries.  Some Observations on the Island of Nantucket.
 
Chapter VIII

1761, 1762
Visits Pennsylvania, Shrewsbury, and Squan.  Publishes the Second Part of his Considerations on Keeping Negroes.  The Grounds of his appearing in some Respects singular in his Dress.  Visit to the Families of Friends of Ancocas and Mount Holly Meetings.  Visits to the Indians at Wehaloosing on the River Susquehanna.
Chapter IX

1763-1769
Religious Conversation with a Company met to see the Tricks of a Juggler.  Account of John Smith's Advice and of the Proceeding of a Committee at the Yearly Meeting in 1764.  Contemplations on the Nature of True Wisdom.  Visit to the Families of Friends at Mount Holly, Mansfield, and Burlington, and to the Meetings on the Sea-Coast from Cape May towards Squan.  Some Account of Joseph Nichols and his Followers.  On the different State of the first Settlers in Pennsylvania who depended on their own Labour, compared with those of the Southern Provinces who kept Negroes.  Visit to the Northern Parts of New Jersey and the Western Parts of Maryland and Pennsylvania, also to the Families of Friends at Mount Holly and several Parts of Maryland.  Further Considerations on Keeping Slaves, and his Concern for having been a Party to the Sale of One.  Thoughts on Friends exercising Offices in Civil Government.
Chapter X

1769, 1770
Bodily Indisposition.  Exercise of his Mind for the Good of the People in the West Indies.  Communicates to Friends his Concern to visit some of those Islands.  Preparations to embark.  Considerations on the Trade to the West Indies.  Release from his Concern and return Home.  Religious Engagements.  Sickness, and Exercise of his Mind therein.
Chapter XI

1772
Embarks at Chester, with Samuel Emlen, in a Ship bound for London.  Exercise of Mind respecting the Hardships of the Sailors.  Considerations on the Dangers of training Youth to a Seafaring Life.  Thoughts during a Storm at Sea.  Arrival in London.
Chapter XII

1772
Attends the Yearly Meeting in London.  Then proceeds towards Yorkshire.  Visits Quarterly and other Meetings in the Counties of Hertford, Warwick, Oxford, Nottingham, York, and Westmoreland.  Returns to Yorkshire.  Instructive Observations and Letters.  Hears of the Decease of William Hunt.  Some Account of him.  The Author's last Illness and Death at York.
APPENDIX I.  TESTIMONY OF FRIENDS IN YORKSHIRE CONCERNING JOHN WOOLMAN

II.   TESTIMONY OF FRIENDS IN BURLINGTON CONCERNING JOHN WOOLMAN

A guide to the Journal of John Woolman

asterix A guide to John Woolman's Journal is available, using the framing function of current web-browsers. The guide links to selected passages, which are marked in the text with a coloured asterisk at the start of some of the paragraphs. If you're reading the journal without reference to the guide, please ignore these marks.

David Finke has provided his summary of "Themes from John Woolman," from a study group on John Woolman's Journal at 57th Street Friends Meeting (Chicago).